History of airplane ticket creation is concurrent with aircraft industry start. Airplane tickets were introduced when the first passenger flights in 1909 opened. The main usage of a ticket is to verify that the passenger has paid the flight cost and passenger has the permission to board. In 1909 passengers were booking flights via phone and ticket was sent them via post. With appearance of advanced computerized booking systems, the ability of easy implementation in cost-benefit analysis is provided on different pricing structures. It leads to create differentiation in price of some flights. Passengers choose their flights online and pay the cost and then the receipt is sent to their email or it is shown on the website. The electronic ticket is printed by passenger and is brought to the airport. Flight tickets mostly were used for receiving boarding pass. Then with boarding pass and attached ticket the passenger was permitted to board the plane.
There are two types of flight tickets: Scheduled and chartered. In the following, each one will be explained separately.
Charter ticket isn’t bought from airline companies. These tickets are only bought from agencies and charter seller companies. This companies rent yearly or seasonally all or part of the crowded paths. Because of major booking of flights previously and selling to passengers in the future, the price of these flights are determined by companies that sell charter flights and price determination isn’t possible for airlines. Because of this, the cost of charter flights are very variable. Its reason is price fluctuation in this kind of tickets in different times and according to conditions of the company that sells charter flights. If the charter fight seller cannot sell all of the flights, it must pay total cost. Therefore, closing to flight time, the company sells the flight tickets with low price in order to reduce the amount of financial loss to the lowest amount.
Airlines have different flight paths that they are determined based on equipment and conditions. Usually airlines flight schedule are determined yearly to provide ticket buy possibility for passengers in long-term intervals. Theses scheduled flights on airlines are named Scheduled. For example for Nowrooz travels schedule that every day closer to the holiday date, there is less chance for finding tickets, you can buy scheduled ticket several months ago and in holiday time, don’t worry about your travel. If your travel changed or canceled for any reason, you can cancel scheduled ticket easily. The payment is returned to your account after cancellation fine deduct. Another advantage of scheduled ticket is difference in price for different age groups: ticket price for infants (0-2 years old) and children (2-12 years old) have significant discount percent than adult’s ticket price although the amount of it depends on different airlines.